Calf and shin pain

Bakers cyst

Baker’s cyst: a lump behind the knee

A Bakers Cyst is a collection of fluid in a bulge in the joint capsule behind the knee The average size of a Baker’s cyst varies depending on the amount of fluid and how long the knee had been swollen The cause of a Baker’s cyst is a separate injury in the knee which is […]

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Bone stress reaction

Bone stress reaction – what, why and how to fix it

Bone stress reaction causes a dull, usually prolonged, ache around the injury site A bone stress reaction can occur due to impact loading or connective tissue traction Reactions caused by impact loading can progress to bone stress fractures with ongoing overload TIPS Bone stress reactions often occur with other injuries and can be difficult to […]

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Tibial stress fracture

Tibial stress fracture – safely fast track your return!

Tibial stress fractures cause a strong persistent pain in the shin or deep calf and can also generate sharp pain with rapid loading They occur when the rate of bone breakdown is not matched by the rate of bone regeneration Aside from biomechanical deficits such as strength and joint range, stress fractures can occur due […]

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Retrocalcaneal bursitis

Retrocalcaneal bursitis – a cause of persistent heel pain

Retrocalcaneal bursitis is an inflammatory condition of the bursa (pad) between the Achilles tendon and the heel bone Pain is worse while walking uphill and can be aggravated by direct pressure from footwear This condition often feels better in high heels or when walking on toes TIPS Wear shoes that have a 2-3″ heel and […]

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Calf cramping

Calf cramping – best ways to prevent, relieve & rehab

Exercise-induced calf cramping occurs primarily due to neuromuscular fatigue. The sustained strong activation of the calf causes muscle damage, in particular to the connective tissue within the muscle. In normal muscle function, electrical impulses from the nerve reach a threshold that triggers the muscle firing. During cramping, the threshold needed to trigger the muscle is […]

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Achilles tendinopathy

Achilles tendinopathy – why the usual fixes don’t work!

Pain from Achilles tendinopathy comes on slowly over a period of weeks and months. It often begins as a mild discomfort after a run or field training session. As it worsens, the pain increases in intensity and takes longer to resolve after a training session. As it becomes more chronic, the symptoms associated with Achilles […]

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Sciatica – how to get fast relief!

Sciatica refers to an irritation of the Sciatic Nerve as it passes thru the buttock, causing pain down the back of the leg The term is often misused to describe spinal nerve irritation causing pain in the back and leg, however this is a different condition Severity can vary from an ache that passes in […]

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Calf muscle tear

Calf muscle tear – tips for a fast, SAFE return to sport

The onset of a calf muscle tear can vary from a sudden pop or stabbing sensation to an extreme tightness or pre-cramp feeling Visible bruising is less common with calf tears Recovery times vary widely based on the severity and location of the tear TIPS You can confirm a tear that involves some structural damage […]

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Shin splints

Shin Splints – more complex than just shin soreness

Shin splints refers to shin pain, most commonly with exercise, and can be due to bone, muscle/tendon or vascular issues. It covers a number of pathologies and is not a medical diagnosis. Under the term “shin splints”, there are a number of pathologies including Tibial Bone Stress, Tibial Periostitis and Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome. Imaging, […]

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Soleus muscle strain

Calf muscle strain – don’t let your strain become a tear!

Calf muscle strains most commonly affect the Soleus muscle. Rehab needs to include specific exercises. And we list similar diagnoses that get mistaken for calf strains.

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